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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists

Year : 2021  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 206
Correlation of lip print with blood group in forensic science

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Dental Surgeon, Community Health Centre, Kanke, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Hazaribagh College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Anand Choudhary
Flat No 2A, Savitri Appartment, Harihar Singh Road, Morabadi, Ranchi - 834 008, Jharkhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.jomfp_55_21

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Background: Cheiloscopy is the study of furrows and grooves present on the red part, or the vermilion border of the human lips. The type of groves is unique for an individual and can be used for person identification. Aim: The aim of this study is to ascertain whether the uniqueness of lip print (LP) can help in identifying a person. In addition to evaluate the comparison of LP types and blood groups was taken up to see if there is any correlation between the two. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 participants (77 males and 123 females), aged between 25 to 45 years, to determine any correlation between LP types and blood groups. These lip patterns were analyzed and interpreted using Tsuchihashi's classification and later associated blood group matching was performed to determine the predominant LP type with the ABO and Rh blood grouping system. Results: The present study showed a positive correlation between LP pattern and blood group among males and females. Thus, distribution of LP patterns, and ABO blood groups might help in the identification of an individual. Conclusion: Since LP and blood group are unique for a person. Hence, cheiloscopy along with blood group can play a vital role in person identification.

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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007