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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 588
Dental caries prevalence among HIV adult population in India: A systematic review


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Navodaya Dental College and Hospital, Raichur, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Madha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, MR Ambedkar Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Shrikanth Muralidharan
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Madha Dental College and Hospital, Kundrathur, Chennai - 600 069, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_64_20

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Dental caries is a universal disease. Untreated dental caries adds to the existing burden of diseases. It is necessary to have national data on the same, especially in HIV cases, to understand the epidemiological aspects and formulate a treatment plan for the population. Hence, a systematic review was carried out to collectively report the dental caries prevalence among this population. A systematic search for articles was done in PubMed and Google Scholar using the keywords: Dental Caries, India, HIV, AIDS and adults from January 1990 to December 2019. All freely available full-text articles were evaluated based on the inclusion criteria. Only four articles fulfilled the criteria based on qualitative analysis. Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth index was used to record dental caries. Risk factors related to the same were not specified by any of the authors. Studies were not from different regions of India. More epidemiological studies are needed to understand the prevalence rate and correlated to dental caries among HIV-positive population in India.


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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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