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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists

FORENSIC CORNER Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 138-142
Malocclusion: An adjunctive aid in individual identification

1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Vydehi Institute of Medical Science and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
S Neeharika
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College and Hospital, K.R. Road, V.V. Puram, Bengaluru - 560 004, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_340_19

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Introduction: Cheiloscopy and dactyloscopy have long been the most commonly used methods for forensic investigations. Orthodontists perform numerous diagnostic procedures, which include radiographs, photographs and impressions of the teeth and palate for the evaluation of malocclusion. The data recorded by them provide immense information about a patient. Fingerprints, lip prints and palatal rugae have been considered the most stable, reliable, imitable, convenient, cost-effective and time-friendly modes of investigating crime and other purposes. Aim: The main aim of this study is to correlate cheiloscopy, fingerprint pattern and palatoscopy to skeletal Class I sagittal jaw relationship and to include cheiloscopy, fingerprint pattern assessment and palatoscopy in routine orthodontic investigation procedures as an adjunct procedure in individual identification. Methods: Fingerprints, lip prints, palatal rugae pattern and lateral cephalograms of 37 skeletal Class I patients were obtained using standardized procedures. Results: In Class I skeletal malocclusion, the maximum number of patients exhibited ulnar loop dermal pattern, Type 1 and Type 2 lip patterns and a wavy rugae pattern (Kapali et al. primary classification). Conclusion: Orthodontists prepare various antemortem records for diagnostic purposes, i.e., photographs, the impression of the teeth and palate, lateral cephalograms, orthopantomograms and hand-wrist radiographs. If orthodontists recorded additional data of finger and lip prints, the archives of an orthodontist would be of tremendous profit to forensic sciences in individual identification.

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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007