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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists

Year : 2018  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 441
The importance of ctokeratins in the early detection of oral squamous cell carcinoma

1 Cell Invasion and Metastasis (CIM) Laboratory, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Department of Biomedical Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Biomedical Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Aiman A Ali
124 Edward Street, Room 314, Toronto, ON M5G 1G6

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_238_17

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Background: Oral cancer is usually diagnosed at advanced stages. The pattern of keratin expression in normal epithelia and the change in their expression in premalignant lesions and carcinomas have suggested the possibilities of improving diagnosis. The aim of this study is to determine the use of acidic cytokeratins (CKs) as biomarkers of histopathological progression in oral carcinogenesis. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 paraffin blocks of histological specimens diagnosed as hyperplastic epithelium, dysplastic epithelium, well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and poorly-differentiated SCC (10 specimens each) were included in this study, in addition to 10 normal oral mucosal samples. All samples were stained immunohistochemically with CKs (10-ab1, 14, 16-ab1, 18-dc10 and 19-abs10) using Ventana Medical Systems (Arizona-USA). The expression of CKs antigen was evaluated as absent, mild, moderate and severe. Results: CK10-ab1 was found to be positive in the suprabasal layers of all specimens in normal and hyperplastic epithelium, while it was moderate in dysplastic epithelium and mild in well-differentiated SCC. CK10-ab1 was negative in all samples with poorly-differentiated SCC (P < 0.005). CK14 was positive in all specimens of all groups whereas CK16-ab1 was negative in all specimens of all groups. The stain of CKs 18-dc10 and 19-abs10 was restricted to the basal cells only in normal, hyperplastic and dysplastic epithelium, while it was mild in well-differentiated and poorly-differentiated SCC (P < 0.01). Conclusion: CK10-ab1 disappeared gradually with the progression of malignant changes of squamous cells whereas CKs 18-dc10 and 19-abs10 increased gradually at the same time. Such changes in the protein mapping of squamous cells need more investigation for a better understanding of oral SCC.

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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007