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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists

Year : 2017  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 309-315
Analysis of lip print and fingerprint patterns in patients with type II diabetes mellitus

1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Government Dental College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Government Dental College, Alappuzha, Kerala, India
3 Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India
4 Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepak Pandiar
Department of Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_17_16

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Background and Objectives: Globally, the prevalence of diabetes is soaring high in the recent times. There is an ardent search in the scientific community for a reliable and cheap early predictor which can serve the purpose of mass screening of a genetically vulnerable population. Hence, the present study was conducted to assess the predictive role of cheiloscopy on type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Several studies have established the association of dermatoglyphics with diabetes. However, results are still far from satisfaction. Thus, we also evaluated fingerprint analysis along with cheiloscopy. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 100 uncontrolled T2DM patients and 50 healthy controls. Lip prints were obtained using lipstick and cellophane paper analyzed and classified using Suzuki and Tsuchihashi's classification. Fingerprints were obtained using kajal stick, analyzed and classified using Henry's system of classification. Results: Type IV pattern of lip prints was found significantly more in the diabetic patients. Howbeit, fingerprint analysis did not reveal any significant association with diabetes. Conclusion: The present study showed a ray of hope for application of cheiloscopy as a potential biomarker in the early diagnosis of T2DM which can be used in mass screening. Further studies are warranted to confirm the findings.

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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007