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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 106
Basal cell adenoma of the parotid gland: Cytological diagnosis of an uncommon tumor


Department of Pathology, Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Amoolya Bhat
Department of Pathology, Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, #15, Chikkasandra, Hesaraghatta Main Road, Bangalore - 560 090, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-029X.157211

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Basal cell adenoma (BCA) is a rare benign epithelial tumor of the salivary gland, displaying monomorphic basaloid cells without a myxochondroid component, representing 1-3% of all salivary gland neoplasms seen predominantly in women over 50 years of age. It is uncommon in young adults. Cytodiagnosis of basaloid tumors chiefly basal cell adenoma of the salivary gland, is extremely challenging. The cytological differential diagnoses range from benign to malignant, neoplastic to non- neoplastic lesions. Histopathological examination is a must for definitive diagnosis, as these entities differ in prognosis and therapeutic aspects. We present a 22-years-old male with this uncommon diagnosis with a discussion on the role of cytological diagnosis. Fine needle aspiration cytology is a simple, minimally invasive method for the preoperative diagnosis of various types of neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. The knowledge of its pitfalls and limitations contributes to a more effective approach to treatment.


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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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