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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-41
Immunohistochemical characterization of cyclin dependent kinase-4 in different histological grades of oral leukoplakia and oral squamous cell carcinoma

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, SGRD Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Amritsar, Punjab, India
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, BBD College of Dental Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
5 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Boston University Henry M. Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA

Correspondence Address:
NDVN Shyam
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Afzal Gunj Hyderabad - 500 012, Andhra Pradesh, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-029X.131896

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Background: Cyclin dependent kinase-4 (CDK4) encoded by CDK gene, is a heterodimer protein of cell cycle in G1-S transition. This study aimed to characterize the CDK4 immunoreactivity in different histological grades of oral leukoplakias (OLs) and oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) and also aims to discuss its probable role in the tumor biogenesis. Materials and Methods: Expression of CDK4 was investigated in total of 52 samples including OL (15), OSCCs (30) and normal oral tissues (07). A labeled Streptavidin-Biotin immunohistochemistry assay was performed and staining intensity was evaluated. Results: The staining pattern was similar in all tissues and was located in both nuclei and cytoplasm. Dysplastic epithelium displayed a progressive increase in nuclear expression of CDK4 when compared to normal tissues. Also, positive staining cytoplasm was highly evident in OSCC with loss of differentiation. Conclusion: Our study indicated a progressive over expression of CDK4 from normal to leukoplakias (various histological grades of dysplasias) and OSCCs.

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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007