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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-32
Clinicomicrobiological evaluation of the efficacy of local delivery of moxifloxacin and ibuprofen gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in chronic periodontitis patients


Department of Periodontics, Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Nalgonda, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Abhinav Atchuta
Department of Periodontics, Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Sreepuram, Narketpally, Nalgonda - 508 254, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_253_19

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Aims: To evaluate the clinical and microbiological effects of local drug delivery of moxifloxacin and ibuprofen gel as an adjunct to conventional periodontal therapy in chronic periodontitis patients. Subjects and Methods: Twenty patients with moderate-to-severe chronic generalized periodontitis with probing pocket depth (PPD) of ≥5 mm and <8 mm were randomly assigned to one of the following two treatment modalities: scaling and root planing (SRP) group and moxifloxacin and ibuprofen combination gel as an adjunct to SRP group. Clinical parameters include plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing depths and clinical attachment level (CAL) that were recorded at baseline and 1 and 3 months after the treatment, and microbiologic assessment was done using dark-field microscopy. Results: A statistically significant difference in mean PI and GI scores and reduction in PPD and gain in CAL were observed at different study intervals with greater difference in the test group. On microbiological examination, the percentage of cocci increased, while a statistically significant decrease in the mean percentage of bacilli and spirochetes was observed in both groups at given intervals. In-vitro dissolution showed controlled release of both the drugs. Conclusions: Among the two treatment modalities, treatment with moxifloxacin and ibuprofen local delivery as an adjunct to SRP gave superior results in clinical and microbiological parameters compared to SRP group.


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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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