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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 407-411
Assessment of the antimicrobial efficacy of hydroalcoholic fruit extract of cranberry against Socransky complexes and predominant cariogenic, mycotic and endodontic climax communities of the oral cavity: An extensive in-vitro study


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, TPCT's Terna Dental College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, KLE VK Institute of Dental Sciences, KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Dentistry, ESIC Medical College, PGIMSR and Model Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Oral Pathology, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Vaibhav Kumar
Department of Public Health Dentistry, TPCT's Terna Dental College, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_3_18

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Background and Objective: Contemporary global complementary and alternative practices in dentistry envisage to manipulate the molecules from traditionally used plant derivatives as adjuncts. The aim of this study was to assess the in-vitro antimicrobial efficacy of hydro-alcoholic fruit extract of cranberry against Socransky complexes and predominant cariogenic, mycotic and endodontic climax communities of the oral cavity. Materials and Methods: An extract of Vaccinium macrocarpon was prepared using a hydro-ethanolic solvent (water – 30%: ethanol – 70%) using the standardized maceration protocol. Standard American Type Cell Culture and Microbial Type Culture Collection and Gene Bank strains of Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Candida albicans, Enterococcus faecalis, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans were used. The minimum inhibitory concentration was determined by the serial broth dilution. The minimum bactericidal concentration was obtained by subculturing method. Results: The extract showed satisfactory inhibitory and bactericidal effects against all test pathogens. Conclusion: V. macrocarpon can prove to be an adjunct to the existing antimicrobial complexes being routinely used to combat pathogenic oral climax community.


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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007