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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 311
Microchimerism: A new concept


1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Hi-Tech Dental College and Research Institute, Bhubneshwar, Odisha, India
2 Dental Surgeon, Rural Hospital, Devrukh, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Chhattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India
4 Research Scientist and Consultant Stemgenn Therapeutics, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rupali Naik
Dental Surgeon, Rural Hospital, Devrukh, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_85_17

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Microchimerism is the presence of cells from one individual in another genetically distinct individual. Pregnancy is the main cause of natural microchimerism through transplacental bi-directional cell trafficking between mother and fetus. In addition to a variety of cell-free substances, it is now well-recognized that some cells are also exchanged in pregnancy. Furthermore, it is now known that microchimerism persists decades later both in mother and in her progeny. The consequences of pregnancy-related microchimerism are under active investigation. However, many authors have suggested a close relationship linking fetal microchimerism and the development of autoimmune diseases. Fetal microchimerism is emerging as a potential contributing factor in certain diseases, including cancer. Parallel studies in animal and human pregnancy suggest that microchimeric fetal cells play a role in wound healing. Role of these microchimeric cells in human health and disease is discussed here.


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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
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