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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 451
Heritability and correlation of lip print, palm print, fingerprint pattern and blood group in twin population


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, SCB Dental College and Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, IDS, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan, Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, IMS and Sum Hospital, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan, Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
4 Department of Medical Research Laboratory, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan, Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
5 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Hi-Tech Dental College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Priyanka Debta
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, IDS, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan, Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_216_17

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Background: Twins are similar in many ways owing to the genetical and environmental factors. However, still, there are certain things that are not similar among them, and this is the challenge for personal identification among the twins. Objectives: Our present study aimed to know and assess the similarities and differences present between the monozygotic (identical) and dizygotic (fraternal) twins in relation to lip prints, palm prints, fingerprints and blood group and to evaluate their heritability among parents and their offspring. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised 30 twins and their parents – 15 identical and 15 nonidentical twins. The age of twins ranged from 15 years to 40 years. Lip print, palm print, fingerprint and blood group were statistically analyzed. Results: All the data were subjected to statistical analysis. The identical twins showed more percentage of similarities in comparison to the non identical twins. The inheritance pattern was significant for twins in case of their lip prints while palm prints and finger prints showed no such significance in inheritance pattern whereas there was significant association seen in case of blood groups of identical twins and their parents. Conclusion: Lip prints, palm prints, fingerprints and blood groups are the important parameters in forensic science for individual identification. Many studies have been done till now in individual but very few studies done in twin population. To the best of knowledge, ours is the first study of its kind with multiple parameters and its heritability in twins. We have observed that heritability in twins with relation to lip print was statistically significant and all the parameters can be used independently to identify the twins.


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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007