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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 212-216
Low prevalence of dental caries in children with perinatal HIV infection


1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, India
2 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Srinath Sahana
Professor and Head, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore 560 002
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-029X.119742

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Aim and Objective: The objective is to assess the prevalence of caries in children with perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Materials and Methods: Oral examination was performed on children aged 2-12 years with perinatal HIV infection who stayed at 'Calvary Chapel home of hope for special children' to assess decayed, missing, or filled primary teeth/decayed, missing, or filled permanent teeth (dmft/DMFT). Results: Prevalence of tooth decay in primary teeth (dmft) for the age group 2-6 years was 57.15% and 7-12 years was 20.0%. Prevalence of tooth decay in permanent teeth (DMFT), for the age group 7-8 years was 16.60% and 10-12 years was 21.42%. Of the 27 children examined, 59.25% were caries free, in which 40.0% were male children and 70.58% were female children. Conclusion: Based on these results we can conclude that oral hygiene can be maintained with a favorable dental behavior.


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