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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71-75
Metastatic tumors to the jaws and oral cavity


1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, K. S. R. Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India
2 K M Shah Dental College and Hospital, Pipariya, Vadodara, India

Correspondence Address:
B S Manjunatha
K M Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Pipariya - 391 760, Vadodara
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-029X.110737

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Cancer is a disease involving complex multiple sequential irreversible dysregulated processes showing metastasis that results in morbidity and mortality. Metastasis is a complex biological course that begins with detachment of tumor cells from the primary tumor, spreading into the distant tissues and/or organs, invading through the lymphovascular structures followed by their survival in the circulation. Metastatic tumors to the oro-facial region are uncommon and may occur in the oral soft tissues or jawbones. The clinical presentation of metastatic tumors can be variable, which may lead to erroneous diagnosis or may create diagnostic dilemma. Therefore, they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory and reactive lesions that are common to the oral region. Most of the literature on oral metastases involves either single case reports or reviews of these reported cases from scattered geographical areas. Hence this present article is an attempt to provide a detailed review of pathogenesis, epidemiological details including clinical and radiographic presentations, microscopic features and treatment of metastatic tumors to the jaws and oral cavity.


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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007