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An Official Publication of the Indian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE Table of Contents   
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 215-221
Oral manifestations in hypertensive patients: A clinical study


1 Department of Oral Pathology, S.Nijalingappa Institute of Dental Sciences, Gulbarga, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Pallikarnai, Narayanapuram, Chennai, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, Pandit Dindayal Upadhay Dental College, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Prashant Kumar
Department of Oral Pathology, S. Nijalingappa Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Gulbarga - 585 105
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-029X.99069

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Aim: The aim of this work was to determine the frequency and nature of oral manifestations in a hypertensive patient. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 465 known hypertensive patients, between the age group of 20-80 years of which 250 patients were males and 215 were females. 105 were between the age group of 1-40 years, 136 in 41-50 years, 110 in 51-60 years, and 114 in 60 and above year of age. Data were statistically analyzed Student's t-test. Results: 79.14% of the patients presented with Russell's periodontal index score ranging from 2- 4.9 which suggested an established periodontal lesion. The risk factors for old men and women to develop hypertension were 90%, among those who survived to ages 65 to 89 years. Conclusion: The frequency of potential oral manifestations in patients with hypertension was significantly high, thus showing an association of gingival and periodontal pathology in hypertensive patients


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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th Aug, 2007